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Showing posts with label Learning English. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Learning English. Show all posts


Learning English- Smart Audio Text 1

Belajar kian makin mudah dengan makin merebaknya Smartphone. Dengan perangkat portable bisa belajar dimana saja. Slah satu cara Learning English yang banyak dianjurkan oleh para pakar adalah listening Audio-Text. Mendengarkan sekaligus memperhatikan text. Dengan cara ini, kita bisa belajar 3 keahlian sekaligus : Listening, Grammar dan Pronounciation. akan memposting secara berkala Audio dan Text yang dikoleksi dari VOA, BritishCouncil ataupun Audio-book dari youtube. Semoga bermanfaat. 

1. Art-of-mingling

If All Else Fails at a Party, Throw Yourself on the Mercy of the Crowd

AA: I'm Avi Arditti with Rosanne Skirble, and this week on Wordmaster: If mixing with people at parties leaves you at a loss for words, writer Jeanne Martinet offers some help in an updated edition of her popular book "The Art of Mingling."

RS: "Give us some tips -- what works?"
Jeanne Martinet
JEANNE MARTINET: "Well, what doesn't work is that you should never walk up to somebody and ask them right away what they do for a living. It's not only sort of rude, and it's sort of like 'who are you, are you worth my time?' But it's also bringing up a conversation that you don't know what you're bringing up.

"There's an opening technique that I call the 'flattery entrée,' which works very well if that person has an unusual pair of earrings or tie on. You can walk up to somebody and say 'Hey, I really like that pair of earrings' and you get into it that way. I think the mistake that people make is they think that the only way to talk to people is to ask them questions. And while that's good to do within a conversation, it's actually less threatening to open with something that's more of an observation.

"One of the reasons that people, I think, are afraid to approach strangers at parties is they're really afraid of what happens if something bad does, you know, occur. And if you know that you can escape from anyone, it actually makes you much less afraid to talk to people in the first place.

"So, you know, you'll try and talk to someone and it doesn't work very well, and maybe you get the idea they really would rather go back to the conversation they were having or something, in which case you can do one of many escape techniques that can help you save face -- or even get you away from someone that you discover that you don't want to talk to."

AA: "For example?"
JEANNE MARTINET: "Like, you know, the 'buffet bye-bye' -- what my cute name for 'well, I've really got to get a drink' or 'I'm starving -- that thing you're eating is making me even more hungry. I'll be back.' You can even say 'I'll be back' and never come back. At a party you're allowed to do that."

AA: "Now let me ask you about -- I know in every culture certain subjects are maybe off-limits or you really shouldn't [talk about them] unless you know a person well. So, thinking about in American culture, three that come to mind are money, religion and politics -- "

AA: "What do you think about that."
JEANNE MARTINET: "The two safe subjects used to be your health and the weather. Well, the weather now leads you to topics of global warming -- at least it does [for] me -- and your health, you can easily start talking about health insurance, and before you know it you are in the areas of politics. So I outline in the book ways to test for people who might be fanatics in certain areas, so you can really stay away, and also 'defuse' and 'escape' lines."

RS: "What would be some of those -- you talked a little bit about escape lines, but you're in an argument or you find yourself close to an argument, how do you get out of it?"
JEANNE MARTINET: "Well, most of them are sort of cute lines which are just tension-defusing lines like 'well, I guess we can't solve the world's problems in one day.' Or you say, if it's really gotten heated and you feel up to this particular kind of humor, you can say, 'Well, you know, if we talk about this anymore, we're going to have to step outside.'"

RS: "All right, let's put a context here. We have a student, a foreign student, in the United States or elsewhere [who is] with a group of Americans and wants to mingle. What kind of advice would you give to this person [about] how to start and how to go through his day?"

JEANNE MARTINET: "If you're talking about mingling at a gathering of a lot of people, I've often used this when I'm feeling particularly out of my element and I don't know anybody, I will go up to someone or a group of people and say: 'Hi, my name is Jeanne Martinet and I don't know a single soul at this party.'

"That is really -- really, basically to throw yourself in a little bit asking for help from other people, is usually not a bad idea because it kind of endears you to the people and it usually gives you a warm response. People who are really shy can try using what I call the 'fade-in,' which is where you go up to the periphery of a group of people and listen carefully to what's being said, and then just adding in your two cents when it's appropriate.
RS: "Jeanne, this takes courage."

JEANNE MARTINET: "It doesn't; it takes practice. It's funny, because once you do it a couple of times, like if somebody who just listening to me saying this, would just use that approach that I said, where they walked up to somebody and said 'you know, I don't know a single person at this party,' when they get this response that they will get, -- nine times out of ten it will be a wonderful like 'oh, this is so-and-so and please let us show -- I'll introduce you to Joe over here.' And when that happens, and that happens a couple of times, you will start to lose your fear.

"Everybody is just as afraid as they are. That's the other one of my mingling survival rules is that nobody is thinking about you, they're only thinking about themselves. So it's sort of helpful to remember this to become less self-conscious."

AA: But Jeanne Martinet, the author of "The Art of Mingling," says you should also remember not to monopolize people at parties, or you could be seen as a "barnacle." In general, she says, spend five to fifteen minutes chatting, then move on.

RS: And that's Wordmaster for this week. You can find lots more advice about communicating in our archives at And our e-mail address is With Avi Arditti, I'm Rosanne Skirble.

2. would have said

 AA I'm Avi Arditti with Rosanne Skirble, and this week on WORDMASTER: We meet the 24-year-old creator of the website

RS: The premise is simple. People submit letters saying the things they would have said to a person if they had the chance. Jackie Hooper got the idea for the project in March of last year, when actress Natasha Richardson hit her head during a ski lesson and died from a brain injury.

JACKIE HOOPER: "I'm not entirely sure why it affected me in the way that it did. But it brought all of these emotions about how people leave our lives so quickly, and a lot of the times it's very unexpected, and how at those moments I feel like there's so much that a person would want to say to the person who passed away unexpectedly.

"I started locally and I went to retirement homes, jails, schools, and asked them to think of these kinds of situations. I didn't want to limit it to, you know, unexpected deaths because it doesn't always apply to people. But just things, you know, if people left your life, if you lost contact with them, what might you have said to them. Would you like to apologize or thank them for something?"

RS: "What did you find when you went to these places?"

JACKIE HOOPER: "That people had so much to say! You know, when I started, I knew, I felt like it was a good idea and that it would be beneficial for people. But, you know, I didn't know how people would respond, if they would want to share those kinds of personal, deep feelings with some stranger.

"And, you know, a lot of people in the jails wrote about broken relationships they had with their parents, or a wife that they left, and, you know, explain the situation of how they got to jail and how they wish they could done so many things differently so that they didn't end up there.

"And kids, surprisingly, I mean, some people question whether or not they've experienced enough to be able to write these kinds of letters. And, you know, kids write to dads. One little girl wrote to her dad asking him to stop drinking so much and stop having so many different girlfriends. So it's, you know, pretty powerful stuff no matter the age."

AA: "What have you noticed about, or have you noticed, sort of dominant themes that keep coming up over and over again?"

JACKIE HOOPER: "The biggest one  I've noticed -- and I really, I mean there's at least three or four a week that I get that are written to fathers. It's not to parents, it's to fathers, and then just overall to parents, grandparents.

"Lately I've been getting a lot to people, like if they bullied someone in high school and felt really bad about it now. And I really love those kinds of letters because not only does it show that it doesn't have to be someone who passed away, but it shows just the idea of regret and how to these people it feels so fresh in their minds."

AA: "How many letters a day are submitted to your site?"

JACKIE HOOPER: "It definitely varies. If there's, you know, a lot of discussion around it, if there's an article written or something, I can get fifty a day. No matter what happens, I still get a few each day."

RS: "We can see from your website that there's lot of options here, you can submit a letter, you can follow you on Twitter, you can be a fan on Facebook, and a number of other things. so you're using the new media to advance your ideas."

AA: "Yeah, actually, in terms of ages, I'm curious, have you noticed trends in who's submitting, by age group?"

JACKIE HOOPER: "At first it was a lot of middle-aged, older women. But now it's kind of, I think because it's growing on social media-type websites, I'm getting much younger, college-aged submissions."

RS: Jackie Hooper knows that some people may be trying to relieve themselves of guilt over something they said. But she says they are also trying to offer a lesson.

JACKIE HOOPER: "They know that they've said it and that they can't do anything about it, really, you know, if they can't reach the person. But this does help them on a personal level kind of express it and get it out and they really hope that it will help change someone else. Whether they're, you know, being mean to someone or they've said something negative to someone, they just want it to be used as a tool to make people think twice next time."

AA: And has she ever posted her own letters on her site?

JACKIE HOOPER: "Well, I wrote one on the year anniversary of Natasha Richardson's death, kind of to her, saying what great thing has come of such a tragedy."

RS: You can find around 200 letters on Jackie Hooper adds another one each day, and has hundreds more submitted on paper for her project.

AA: She has an education degree but isn't sure about a career. She currently works as a law firm receptionist in Portland, Oregon. One goal she is sure of, though, is to publish a book based on some of the letters.

RS: And that's WORDMASTER for this week. With Avi Arditti, I'm Rosanne Skirble.

Download Audio '1. Art-of-mingling" 
Download Audio '2. would have said"


IDIOM Most Used

          Permaslahan yang kadang menyulitkan bagi siapapun ketika belajar bahasa Inggris adalah memahami ungkapan-ungkapan yang tidak bisa diterjemahkan hanya dengan mengartikan setiap kata yang membentuk ungkapan tersebut. Ungkapan tersebut dikenal dengan istilah Idiom.
         Berikut adalah beberapa IDIOM yang paling banyak digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, baik dalam percakapan ataupun dalam tulisan / publikasi bahasa inggris.

1.  A good deal of   -banyak
     The are a good deal of books in the library Ada banyak buku di perpustakaan
2. A lot of –banyak
    He has a lot of books. Dia punya banyak buku
3. A man of the word  orang yang selalu memenuhi  janjinya
    He is a man of the word. Dia orang yang selalu memenuhi janjinya
4. About to (hamper/segera)
    The ceremony is a bout to start. Acara segere/hamper dimulai.
5. Abroad di luar negeri
     He is abroad. Dia di luar negeri
6. According to menurut
     According prof . Alam, there are five principles in managing a strong family. Menurut prof.Alam, ada lima    prinsip dalam mengelola keluarga yang kuat.
7. After all bagaimana pun juga
     After all, Ulfah is honest. Bagaimanapn juga Ulfah adalah jujur.
8. After one’s own heart sesuai dengan keinginan hatinya

     She wanted to do anything after her own heart. Ia ingin melakukan apa saja yang sesuai dgn kenginan hatinya.

9. All along dari semula
    He had said all along that it was not true. Saya sudah katakana sejak awal bahwa itu tidak benar.
10. All of sudden tiba-tiba

    I didn’t know why he stopped talking all of sudden. Saya tidak tahu mengapa ia tiba2 ia berhenti bicara.
11. All over sudah selesai

      The game is over. Let’s go home. Pertandingan sudah selesai . mari pulang ke rumah.
12. All the better adalah lebih baik
     If you can help me, that will be all the better. Jika anda dapat menolong saya, itu akan lebih baik.
13. All the same bagaimana pun juga, namun

14. Along with bersama dengan

15. Apart from terlepas, selain daripada

16. As a matter a fact sebenarnya, sesungguhnya

17. As a whole sebagai keseluruhan

18. As far as I am concerned sepanjang yang saya ketahui

19. As for adapun bagi

20. As soon as segera setelah

21. As to mengenal

22. As well juga, dan

23. At a time berturut-turut, sekaligus

24. At dawn saat  fajar

25. At all events bagaimanapun juga

26. At all sama sekali, biasanya dengan not sama sekali.

27. At any rate bagaimanapun juga

(Sumber: Kiat sukses balajar Toefl)



ESSENTIAL IDIOM FOR TOEFL [9]. Idiom atau ungkapan adalah gabungan kata yang membentuk arti baru yang artinya tidak mudah dipahami hanya dengan memahami kata yang membentuknya. Postingan Idiom I 'Three in One" dan audionya dapat direview "here" dan Pelajaran Idiom ke-2 "here". Idiom ke-3 dapat disimak "here". Idiom sesi ke-4 dapat direview "here' . Postingan Essential IDIOM ke-5, Idiom ke-6 . Idiom ke-7. Berikut adalah Essential Idiom ke-8,
Lesson 20

1. to hold still: not to move (S)
o Please hold still while I adjust your tie.
o If you don't hold that camera still, you'll get a blurred picture.
2. to know by sight: to recognize (S)
This idiom is used when the person has been seen previously but is not known personally. The person must be used to separate the idiom.
o I have never met our new neighbors; I simply know them by sight.
o The woman said that she would know the thief by sight if she ever saw him again.
3. to be the matter: to be unsatisfactory, to be improper, to be wrong
In a question, this idiom is used with what or something. In an answer, something or nothing is usually used.
o A: What is the matter, Betty? You look very upset.
o B: Yes, something is the matter. I've lost my purse!
o A: Is something the matter, Charles? You don't look well.
o B: No, nothing is the matter. I'm just a little under the weather.
4. to bring up: to rear, to raise from childhood (S); to mention, to raise an issue,
to introduce a topic (S)
o Parents should bring up their children to be responsible members of society.
o Sarah wanted to bring the scheduling problem up at the club meeting, but finally she decided against doing so.
o One of the students brought up an interesting point related to the subject in our textbook.
5. to get lost: to become lost; to go away in order not to bother
The second definition provides a very informal, even rude, meaning that should be used only with close friends. It is sometimes used in a joking manner.
o While driving in Boston, we got lost and drove many miles in the wrong direction.
o Todd kept bothering me while I was studying, so I told him to get lost.
o Lisa joked that she wanted her sister to get lost forever.
6. to hold up: to delay, to make late (S); to remain high in quality
o A big accident held up traffic on the highway for several hours.
o Deidre is amazed at how well her car has held up over the years.
7. to run away: to leave without permission; to escape
o The young couple ran away and got married because their parents wouldn't permit it.
o That cat is just like a criminal --- it runs away from anyone who tries to come near!
8. to rule out: to refuse to consider, to prohibit (S)
o Heather ruled out applying to college in Texas because she would rather go to school in Canada.
o I'd like to watch a good movie on TV tonight, but a ton of homework rules that out.
9. by far: by a great margin, clearly
o Jacquie is by far the most intelligent student in our class.
o This is by far the hottest, most humid summer we've had in years.
10. to see off: to say good-bye upon departure by train, airplane, bus, etc. (also: to send off) (S)
A noun or pronoun must divide the idiom.
o We are going to the airport to see Peter off on his trip to Europe.
o When I left for Cincinnati on a business trip, no one came to the train station to send me off.
11. to see out: to accompany a person out of a house, building, etc. (S)
A noun or pronoun must again divide the idiom.
o The Johnsons were certain to see their guests out as each one left the party.
o Would you please see me out to the car? It's very dark outside.]
12. no wonder: it's no surprise that, not surprisingly
This idiom derives form reducing it is no wonder that...
o No wonder the portable heater doesn't work. It's not plugged into the electrical outlet!
o Jack has been out of town for several weeks. No wonder we haven't seen him recently.

1. to go up: to increase (also: to drive up); to be constructed, to be erected
The second definition is the same as the one for to put up in Lesson 19, except
that go up is not used with a noun object.
o Economists are predicting that consumer prices are going up. Inflation always has a tendency to drive up the cost of products.
o A new office is going up in the downtown area. A major construction company is putting it up.
2. to go up to: to approach (also: to come up to, to walk up to, to run up to, to drive up to, etc.)
The related forms have the same meaning, but the type of movement is different.
o After the lecture, several people in the audience went up to the speaker to congratulate her.
o The little girl came up to me and shook my hand as if she had known me for years.
o Bill's friend didn't want to admit that they had gotten lost, but finally he agreed to drive up to a gas station and inquire about the correct route.
3. to hand in: to submit or deliver something that is due (S)
o Every student has to hand in an original composition each week of the semester.
o All the salepeople hand their weekly reports in on Friday.
4. in case: in order to be prepared if
When the idiom occurs at the end of the sentence (the second example), then the meaning is in order to be prepared if something happens. The "something" might be an accident, a delay, etc.
o You'd better close the windows in case it rains.
o We should be sure to leave for the airport early, just in case.
o Cynthia, take one of your books in case you have some time to read on our trip.
5. to take apart: to disassemble, to separate the parts of something (S)
A noun or pronoun usually divides this idiom.
o It is much easier to take a watch apart than it is to assemble it.
o The engine had a serious problem, so the mechanic had to take it apart
completely in order to fix it.
6. to put together: to assemble (S)
A noun or pronoun usually divides this idiom. The preposition back is used
when something has been disassembled and then is being reassembled, as in
the second example.
o Todd followed the directions on the box but he couldn't manage to put the bicycle together properly.
o After the teenager took the broken video game apart and fixed it, he was unable to put it back together again.
7. to be better off: to be in a more favorable condition or situation
The opposite of this idiom is to be worse off.
o Jim would be better off staying at home because of his cold.
o You'd be much better off working in an office than in a factory.
o The economies of some nations are worse off than they were several
decades ago.
8. to be well-off: to have enough money to enjoy a comfortable life, to be rich (also: to be well-to-do)
o They live in the best section of town in a large home; they are very well- off.
o By the time I reach the age of fifty-five, I hope to be well-to-do and to travel frequently.
9. to take by surprise: to surprise, to amaze, to astonish (S)
A noun or pronoun usually divides this idiom.
o The offer of a high-paying position with another company took me by surprise.
o The president's announcement that the university was in financial trouble didn't take anyone by surprise.
10. to keep in touch with: to maintain contact with (also: to stay in touch with)
This idiom should be compared with to get in touch with in Lesson 9.
o You can telephone me every few days, and in that way we can keep in touch with each other.
o He promised to stay in touch with us while he was abroad. However, we were very disappointed that he never did get in touch with us.
11. to name after: to give the same name as another (S)
o Helen's parents named Helen after her grandmother.
o My grandson is named after Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President of the United States.
12. to hold on: to grasp tightly or firmly; to wait, to be patient
The second definition is often used when someone is talking on the telephone.
o The little girl held on to her mother's hand and refused to let go as they walked through the large crowd of people.
o (on the telephone) Could you please hold on a moment while I get a pencil and paper?
o Come on, Mike, hold on. I can't get ready so quickly.