ESSENTIAL IDIOM FOR TOEFL TEST [7]. Idiom  atau  ungkapan adalah gabungan kata yang membentuk arti baru yang artinya tidak mudah dipahami hanya dengan memahami kata yang membentuknya. Postingan Idiom I 'Three in One" dan audionya dapat direview  "here" dan Pelajaran Idiom ke-2 "here". Idiom ke-3 dapat disimak "here". Idiom sesi ke-4 dapat direview "here' . Postingan Essential IDIOM ke-5, Idiom ke-6 .

Makna idiomatikal adalah makna sebuah satuan bahasa (entah kata, frase atau kalimat) yang “menyimpang” dari makna leksikal atau makna gramatikal unsur-unsur pembentuknya. Untuk mengetahui makna idiom sebuah kata (frase atau kalimat) tidak ada jalan selain mencarinya dalam kamus. Berikut adalah beberapa contoh idiom yang biasa di gunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari ataupun dalam tes Toefl. Idiom essential ke-7 Sebagai berikut:

LESSON 161. on one's toes: alert, cautious
This idiom is usually used with the verbs stay and keep.
o It's important for all the players on a soccer team to stay on their toes.
o We'd better keep on our toes while we're walking along the dark portions of this street.
2. to get along: to make progress; to manage to live in a certain state of health
o Juan is getting along very well in his English studies.
o How is Mr. Richards getting along after his long illness?
3. hard of hearing: partially deaf, not able to hear well
o You'll have to speak a little louder. Mrs. Evans is hard of hearing.
o Please don't shout. I'm not hard of hearing.
o Listening to loud music too much can make you hard of hearing.
4. to see eye to eye: to agree, to concur
o I'm glad that we see eye to eye on the matter of the conference location.
o A husband and wife don't always see eye to eye with each other, but a good marriage can survive small disagreements.
5. to have in mind: to be considering, to be thinking (S)
o I don't want to see a movie now. I have in mind going to the park.
o It's up to you what we eat tonight. Do you have anything in mind?
6. to keep in mind: to remember, not to forget (S) (also: to bear in mind)
o Please keep in mind that you promised to call Stan around noon.
o I didn't know that Paula doesn't like vegetables. We should bear that in mind next time we invite her for dinner.
7. for once: this one time, for only one time
o For once I was able to win a game of golf against Steve, who is a much better player than I am.
o Dad, for once would you please let me drive the new car?
8. to go off: to explode; to sound as an alarm; to leave suddenly without explanation
o The accident happened when a box of firecrackers went off accidentally.
o For what time did you set the alarm clock to go off tomorrow morning?
o Vince went off without saying good-bye to anybody; I hope he wasn't angry.
9. to grow out of: to outgrow, to become too old for; to be a result of
o He still bites his nails now and then, but soon he'll grow out of the habit.
o The need for the salary committee grew out of worker dissatisfaction with the pay scale.
10. to make the best of: to do the best that one can in a poor situation
o If we can't find a larger apartment soon, we'll just have to make the best of it right here.
o Even though the Martinez family is having financial problems, they make the best of everything by enjoying the simple pleasures of life.
11. to cut off: to shorten by cutting the ends (S); to disconnect or stop suddenly (S)
o The rope was two feet longer than we needed, so we cut off the extra length.
o The operator cut our long-distance phone conversation off after two minutes.
12. to cut out: to remove by cutting (S); to stop doing something (S) (for the second definition, also: to knock it off)
For the second definition, the idiom is usually separated by the pronoun it.
o The child likes to cut out pictures form the newspaper and to paste them in a notebook.
o He kept bothering her, so finally she told him to cut it out. However, he wouldn't knock it off until her larger brother appeared.

LESSON 171. to blow out: to explode, to go flat (for tires); to extinguish by blowing (S)
o On our trip to Colorado, one of the car tires blew out when it hit a large hole in the road.
o Little Joey wasn't able to blow all the candles out, so his big sister helped him.
2. to become of: to happen to (a missing object or person)
This idiom is always used in a clause beginning with what.
o What has become of my pencil? I had it ten minutes ago, but now I can't find it.
o I wondered what became of you. I looked around the shopping center for two hours, but I couldn't find you at all.
3. to shut up: to close for a period of time (S); to be quiet, to stop talking
The second definition of this idiom is impolite in formal situations.
o During the hurricane, all the store owners shut their shops up.
o Bob's sister told him to shut up and not say anything more about it.
o The student got into big trouble for telling his teacher to shut up.
4. have got: to have, to possess
o Curtis has got a bad cold. He's sneezing and coughing a lot.
o How much money have you got with you right now?
5. have got to: must (also: have to)
o She has got to go to Chicago today to sign the contract papers.
o I have to be back home by two o'clock or my wife will feel ill at ease.
6. to keep up with: to maintain the same speed or rate as
o Frieda works so fast that no one in the office can keep up with her.
o You'll have to walk more slowly. I can't keep up with you.
7. on the other hand: however, in contrast
o Democracies provide people many freedoms and privileges. On the other hand, democracies suffer many serious problems such as crime and unemployment.
o My sister takes after my father in appearance. On the other hand, I take after my mother.
8. to turn down: to reduce in brightness or volume (S); to reject, to refuse (S)
o Please turn down the radio for me. It's too loud while I'm studying.
o Laverne wanted to join the military but the recruiting officer turned her application down because Laverne is hard of hearing in one ear.
9. fifty-fifty: divided into two equal parts
o Let's go fifty-fifty on the cost of a new rug for our apartment.
o The political candidate has a fifty-fifty chance of winning the election.
10. to break in: gradually to prepare something for use that is new and stiff (S);
to interrupt (for the second definition, also: to cut in)
o It is best to break a new car in by driving it slowly for the first few hundred miles.
o While Carrie and I were talking, Bill broke in to tell me about a telephone call.
o Peter, it's very impolite to cut in like that while others are speaking.
11. a lost cause: a hopeless case, a person or situation having no hope of positive change.
o It seems that Charles will never listen to our advice. I suppose it's a lost cause.
o The police searched for the missing girl for two weeks, but finally gave it up as a lost cause.
o Children who have committed several crimes as teenagers and show no sorrow about their actions are generally lost causes.
12. above all: mainly, especially
o Above all, don't mention the matter to Gerard; he's the last person we should tell.
o Sheila does well in all her school subjects, but above all in mathematics. Her math scores are always over 95 percent.

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