Education for freedom 1

Read, Write, and Do Something

Education for freedom 2

Read, Write, and Do Something

Education for freedom 3

Read, Write, and Do Something

Education for freedom 4

Read, Write, and Do Something.

Education for freedom 5

Read, Write, and Do Something

30/04/2012

IDIOM UNTUK TES TOEFL [3]

IDIOM UNTUK TES TOEFL [3]. Idiom atau  ungkapan adalah gabungan kata yang membentuk arti baru di mana arti tersebut tidak serta merta bisa dipahami hanya dengan memahami kata yang membentuknya. Postingan Idiom I 'Three in One" dan audionya dapat direview  "here" dan Pelajaran Idiom ke-2 "disini".

Penguasaan Idiom yang baik merupakan salah satu kunci yang menentukan dalam menyelesaikan soal tes toefl dengan baik. Dan satu-satunya cara untuk memahaminya, mengerti makna dari idiom itu sendiri. dan Pronunciationnya.Selamat belajar dan silahkan Download audionya.

LESSON 4
1. to take part in: to be involved in, to participate in (also: to be in on)
o Martin was sick and could not take part in the meeting yesterday.
o I didn't want to be in on their argument, so I remained silent.
2. at all: to any degree (also: in the least)
o Larry isn't at all shy about expressing his opinions.
o When I asked Donna whether she was tired, she said, "Not in the least. I'm full of energy."
3. to look up: to locate information in a directory, dictionary, book, etc. (S)
o Ellen suggested that we look up Lee's telephone number in the directory.
o Students should try to understand the meaning of a new word from context before looking the word up in the dictionary.
4. to wait on: to serve in a store or restaurant
o A very pleasant young clerk waited on me in that shop.
o The restaurant waitress asked us, "Has anyone waited on you yet?
5. at least: a minimum of, no fewer (or less) than
o I spend at least two hours every night on my studies.
o Mike claims that he drinks at least a quart of water every day.
6. so far: until now, until the present time (also: up to now, as of yet)
This idiom is usually used with the present perfect tense.
o So far, this year has been excellent for business. I hope that the good luck continues.
o How many idioms have we studied in this book up to now?
o As of yet, we have not had an answer from him.
7. to take a walk, stroll, hike, etc.: to go for a walk, stroll (berjalan, jalan2), hike, etc.
A stroll involves slow, easy walking; a hike involves serious, strenuous walking.
o Last evening we took a walk around the park.
o It's a fine day. Would you like to take a stroll along Mason Boulevard?
o Let's take a hike up Cowles Mountain this afternoon.
8. to take a trip: to go on a journey, to travel
o I'm so busy at work that I have no time to take a trip.
o During the summer holidays, the Thompsons took a trip to Europe.
9. to try on: to wear clothes to check the style or fit before buying (S)
o He tried on several suits before he picked out a blue one.
o Why don't you try these shoes on next?
10. to think over: to consider carefully before deciding (S)
o I'd like to think over your offer first. Then can we talk it over tomorrow?
o You don't have to give me your decision now. Think it over for a while.
11. to take place: to occur, to happen according to plan
o The regular meetings of the committee take place in Constitution Hall.
o I thought that the celebration was taking place at John's house.
12. to put away: to remove from slight, to put in the proper place (S)
o Please put away your papers before you open the test booklet.
o John put the notepad away in his desk when he was finished with it.

LESSON 5
1. to look out: to be careful or cautious (also: to watch out)
Both of these idioms can occur with the preposition for.
o "Look out!" Jeffrey cried as his friend almost stepped in a big hole in the ground.
o Look out for reckless drivers whenever you cross the street.
o Small children should always watch out for strangers offering candy.
2. to shake hands: to exchange greetings by clasping hands
o When people meet for the first time, they usually shake hands.
o The student warmly shook hands with his old professor.
3. to get back: to return (S)
o Mr. Harris got back from his business trip to Chicago this morning.
o Could you get the children back home by five o'clock?
4. to catch cold: to become sick with a cold of the nose for throat
o If you go out in this rain, you will surely catch cold.
o How did she ever catch cold in such warm weather?
5. to get over: to recover from an illness; to accept a loss or sorrow
o It took me over a month to get over my cold, but I'm finally well now.
o It seems that Mr. Mason will never get over the death of his wife.
6. to make up one's mind: to reach a decision, to decide finally
o Sally is considering several colleges to attend, but she hasn't made up her mind yet.
o When are you going to make up your mind about your vacation plans?
7. to change one's mind: to alter one's decision or opinion
o We have changed our minds and are going to Canada instead of California this summer.
o Matthew has changed his mind several times about buying a new cat.
8. for the time being: temporarily (also: for now)
o For the time being, Janet is working as a waitress, but she really hopes to become an actress soon.
o We're living in an apartment for now, but soon we'll be looking for a house to buy.
9. for good: permanently, forever
o Ruth has returned to Canada for good. She won't ever live in the United States again.
o Are you finished with school for good, or will you continue your studies some day?
10. to call off: to cancel (S)
o The referee called off the soccer game because of the darkness.
o The president called the meeting off because she had to leave town.
11. to put off: to postpone (S)
o Many student's put off doing their assignments until the last minute.
o Let's put the party off until next weekend, okay?
12. in a hurry: hurried, rushed (also: in a rush)
o Alex seems in a hurry; he must be late for his train again.
o She's always in a rush in the morning to get the kids to school.

LESSON 6
1. under the weather: not feeling well, sick
o John stayed home from work because he was feeling under the weather.
o When you cat cold, you feel under the weather.
2. to hang up: to place clothes on a hook or hanger (S); to replace the receiver on the phone at the end of a conversation (S)
o Would you like me to hang up your coat for you in the closet?
o The operator told me to hang the phone up and call the number again.
3. to count on: to trust someone in time of need (also: to depend on)
o I can count on my parents to help me in an emergency.
o Don't depend on Frank to lend you any money; he doesn't have any.
4. to make friends: to become friendly with others
o Patricia is a shy girl and doesn't make friends easily.
o During the cruise Ronald made friends with almost everyone on the ship.
5. out of order: not in working condition
o The elevator was out or order, so we had to walk to the tenth floor of the building.
o We couldn't use the soft drink machine because it was out of order.
6. to get to: to be able to do something special; to arrive at a place, such as home, work, etc. for the second definition, do not use the preposition to with the words home or there.
o The children got to stay up late and watch a good movie for the family.
o I missed the bus and couldn't get to the office until ten o'clock.
o When are you planning to get home tonight?
7. few and far between: not frequent, unusual, rare
o The times that our children get to stay up late are few and far between.
o Airplane travel is very safe because accidents are few and far between.
8. to look over: to examine, to inspect closely (also: to go over, to read over, to check over) (S)
Go over is different from the other forms because it is not separable.
o I want to look my homework over again before I give it to the teacher.
o The politician went over his speech before the important presentation.
o You should never sign any legal paper without checking it over first.
9. to have (time) off: to have free time, not to have to work (also: to take time off (S))
The related form (S) to take time off is used when someone makes a decision
to have free time, sometimes when others might not agree with the decision.
o Every morning the company workers have time off for a coffee break.
o Several workers took the afternoon off to go to a baseball game.
10. to go on: to happen; to resume, to continue (also: to keep on)
o Many people gathered near the accident to see what was going on.
o I didn't mean to interrupt you. Please go on.
o The speaker kept on talking even though most of the audience had left.
11. to put out: extinguish, to cause to stop functioning (S)
To put out has the same meaning as to turn off (Lesson 1) for a light fixture.
o No smoking is allowed in here. Please put out your cigarette.
o The fire fighters worked hard to put the brush fire out.
o Please put out the light before you leave. Okay, I'll put it out.
12. all of a sudden: suddenly, without warning (also: all at once)
o All of a sudden Ed appeared at the door. We weren't expecting him to drop by.
o All at once Millie got up and left the house without any explanation.

Download audio Lesson 4 "click here"

29/04/2012

AWAS BAKTERI PERUSAK OTAK DALAM SAJIAN KFC

KFC must pay $8.3m to poisoned girl in Australia
AWAS BAKTERI PERUSAK OTAK DALAM SAJIAN KFC. Headline BBC NEws, 27 April 2012 Last updated at 09:09

Fast-food giant KFC has been ordered to pay $8.3m (£5.1m) to the family of an Australian girl left severely brain damaged after being poisoned by a chicken meal.
Monika Samaan fell ill with salmonella poisoning after eating a "Twister" wrap at a KFC restaurant near Sydney in 2005. The poisoning left her wheelchair-bound and unable to speak.

Pengadilan di Australia memutuskan Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) harus membayar A$8,3 juta atau sekitar Rp79,8 miliar atas kerusakan otak seorang gadis setelah memakan penganan dari restoran cepat saji tersebut.

Diberitakan BBC, keputusan ini dijatuhkan di pengadilan Sydney pada Jumat, 27 April 2012. Pengadilan memutuskan bahwa KFC telah bersalah karena memberikan makanan yang mengandung bakteri salmonella, yang membuat Monika Samaan menderita cacat otak. Gadis berusia 14 tahun tersebut kini tidak bisa berjalan tanpa bantuan kursi roda. Menurut laporan pengadilan, Monika dan keluarganya jatuh sakit setelah memakan menu "Twister" milik KFC pada 2005 silam.

Gadis kecil itu mengalami muntah-muntah dan diare. Ketika seluruh keluarganya pulih, Monika mengalami koma selama enam bulan. "Monika sekarang adalah gadis besar dan semakin sulit untuk mengangkatnya dan menjaganya. Kompensasi yang akan diberikan sudah lebih dari cukup. Tapi sampai saat ini, kami belum mendapatkan apapun dari KFC," kata pengacara Monika, George Vlahakis. Bantahan KFC Pihak KFC membantah produknya mengandung bakteri berbahaya. Perusahaan raksasa restoran cepat saji ini juga menolak membayar kompensasi dan mengajukan banding. "Kami turut sedih tentang apa yang menimpa Monika dan keluarganya. Tapi, kami juga bertugas untuk mempertahankan reputasi KFC sebagai penyedia makanan yang aman dan berkualitas tinggi," kata manajer KFC.

Bukan kali pertama makanan cepat saji ini mencelakai konsumennya, potensi obesitas, bahaya laten MSG dalam makanan cepat saji, seperti KFC.
Mungkin para pemirsa bisa menyimak salah satu inspirasi cara hidup sehat "ala Vegan". :)

Sumber Inspirasi:
Imajinasi Alamyin
http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17867168
http://www.mypaperonline.net/2012/04/
Gambar : http://cdnimg.visualizeus.com/thumbs/49/20/fuck,kfc-492066277401ae05360f62d06838b1f2_m.jpg

28/04/2012

Hack your Sense Of Humor

Hack your Sense Of Humor [ Password = Usernamenya ]

Seorang Bos disebuah perusahaan IT ternama terlihat marah-marah di telpon
dan terlihat frustasi, ternyata dia pusing dikarenakan Bacok sang administrator kantornya sakit
dan tidak dapat masuk kantor, sementara dia perlu masuk ke komputer pribadi miliknya
dan tidak memiliki informasi login

Bos : cok, gimana biar saya bisa login di komputer saya?
Bacok: gampang pak , tinggal isikan password dan username saja
Bos : baiklah, tolong kamu eja kesaya

Karena si bacok berfikir sangat mudah untuk menyadap pembicaraan via telepon maka
dia memutuskan untuk hanya memberikan bos sebuah "hint" untuk petunjuk/penginggat,

bacok: pak, passwordnya itu sama dengan usernamenya
BOs : halah kamu cokl, saya itu ga tanya passwordnya, saya tau itu
yang saya ndak tau itu usernamenya apa
Bacok: #@%!#%!#^^!!&#!&#&&&

TEMPLATE 3 KOLOM MINIMALIS ALAMYIN

TEMPLATE 3 KOLOM MINIMALIS ALAMYIN. Template alamyinDotcom seperti pada gambar berikut di inspirasi dari template embouteillage . Template aslinya dapat anda download di embouteillage.xml. Jika Anda ingin mencoba template modifikasinya silahkan download di "Alamyin_Template.xml" for blogger.


Semoga bermanfaat 
@alamyin, Keep share and have fun

SPIRIT KEMANDIRIAN EKONOMI NEGERI MULLAH

SPIRIT KEMANDIRIAN EKONOMI NEGERI MULLAH. Embargo... Lagi... Embargo Lagi...., ini bukan merk suatu distro yang sering dikenakan anak muda. Embargo adalah salah satu senjata ekonomi negara-negara superpower untuk mengebiri negara lain yang dianggap mengancam stabilitas dunia. 

Salah satu negara yang sering menjadi korban embargo adalah Republik Islam Iran. Bayangkan saja, Sanksi Eropa mengakibatkan 40 persen inflasi dan 50 persen pengangguran. Kini Iran sedang melakukan strategi untuk mengimbangi embargo yang dikenakan Uni Eropa. Iran kemungkinan akan mengekspor minyak ke Cina, India, dan sejumlah negara Asia. Cara itu akan sedikit meningkatkan perekonomian Iran, terlebih jika Iran melakukan potongan harga per barelnya. 

Namun, Iran bukanlah anak kemarin sore yang mudah takluk dengan gertakan pemberlakuan embargo oleh dunia Barat. Sejarah mencatat Iran berulang-kali diembargo, namun tetap bertahan bahkan mampu berkembang secara mandiri.  Kenapa Iran masih mampu berdiri tegak diantara serbuan embargo negara superpower. Sedikitnya tiga spirit berikut dapat memberi inspirasi baru, sebuah edukasi bahwa walaupun kita dikucilkan kita masih mampu survive bahkan berkembang lebih pesat.

Spirit Pertama, KH Muhyiddin Junaidi (Ketua MUI: Pusat Bidang Luar Negeri dan Kerjasama Internasional), mengatakan 3 alasan mengapa Iran tidak terpengaruh tekanan dunia barat. Pertama, kekuatan Iran bersumber pada figur pemimpin spiritual.

"Apa yang dikatakan pemimpin spiritualnya akan diikuti masyarakat Iran. Figur pemimpin spiritual merupakan kekuatan luar biasa bagi Iran,", Kedua, masyarakat Iran memiliki rasa nasionalisme kuat.

Masyarakat Iran akan melakukan apa saja untuk mempertahankan keutuhan negaranya."  Contohnya, kasus pembunuhan ilmuwan nuklir Iran, kematian itu bukan menciutkan masyarakat Iran untuk mempelajari ilmu Nuklir, sebaliknya mereka kian bersemangat mempelajari Nuklir," Ketiga, masyarakat Iran begitu cinta dengan ilmu dan teknologi.

Iran mengalami perkembangan sains dan teknologi demikian pesat. Salah satunya, bagaimana Iran mencontoh Kanada dalam budidaya gandum. Faktanya Iran tidak lagi mengimpor gandum. Iran memiliki kemampuan mengekspor gandum. Kemampuan ini mensejajarkan Iran dengan Israel yang mampu mengembangkan zaitun dalam kondisi tanah tidak subur."

Oleh karena itu embargo utamanya Uni Eropa tidak akan menyurutkan kemampuan mandiri bangsa Iran. Efek jangka pendek embargo memang berpengaruh, tetapi tidak menjamin efek jangka panjang.

Spirit Kedua, Ungkapan Paul Stevens, peneliti senior dari London-Chatham House, mengatakan segala upaya yang dilakukan Eropa belum tentu mampu menghentikan penggunaan nuklir Iran. “Eropa mampu memberikan frustrasi publik bagi perekonomian Iran, tapi ini justru bisa memperkuat kelompok yang berada di belakang Presiden Iran Mahmud Ahmadinejad”. 

Stevens mengungkapkan Ahmadinejad juga melakukan berbagai upaya untuk menolong perekonomian Iran dengan tetap mengandalkan perdagangan minyak. Sementara itu ia juga masih percaya bahwa nuklir adalah alat untuk mengamankan negara. 

Spirit Ketiga, Dalam khutbah kedua shalat jum’at di Tehran, seiring dengan tibanya Hari Guru, hari terbunuhnya Murtadha Muthahari, Hujjatul Islam wal Muslimin Kadzimi Shidqi menyampaikan: “Hari ini kita berada dalam perang ekonomi. Masyarakat harus bangkit. Kita harus menunjukkan kekuatan kita dengan meningkatkan produktifitas dalam negeri demi bertahan atas sanksi-sanksi Barat. Kunci keberhasilan kita dalam usaha ini adalah kerja keras dan kerja sama.”

Mengenang kepergian sang Guru Besar Murtadha Muthahari ia menambahkan: “Seorang guru dalam budaya Islami adalah orang yang produktif, membangun dan berperan penting dalam masyarakat. Guru adalah orang yang mencetak manusia handal dari manusia biasa, menghidupkan yang pasif menjadi aktif, dan menjadi pembawa perubahan di masa mendatang.”

Mengingat kondisi yang ada saat ini ia juga menekankan: “Jika kita tidak bangkit saat ini juga, kita pasti akan kalah dan merugi.”

Inspirasi ketiga disadur dari : Kerja Keras Dan Kerja Sama Adalah Kunci Keberhasilan Dalam Perang Ekonomi (Hauzahmaya.Ir)

Semoga bermanfaat, minimal menginspirasi dan memberi edukasi !

TOEFL : KATA KERJA YANG TIDAK BISA DI-CONTINOUS-KAN

TOEFL : KATA KERJA YANG TIDAK BISA DI-CONTINOUS-KAN. Tips TOEFL kali ini adalah beberapa kata umum yang kadang membingungkan para pemirsa :), dalam beberapa kasus kerap menjadi jebakan dalam berbagai soal. Oleh karena itu, sesi Belajar Bahasa Inggris akan menguraikan secara singkat  kata kerja tersebut seperti berikut :

Non-Progressive Verbs Kata kerja yang tidak bisa di-continuous-kan.
Mental States
Believe : I believe you. (percaya)
Doubt : I don’t doubt he will make it in time. (ragu)
Feel : I feel happy. (merasa)
Forget : I forgot your name. (lupa)
Imagine : I imagine you in Paris. (membayangkan)
Know : I know the problem. (mengetahui)
Mean : What do you mean? (bermaksud)
Need : I need your help. (butuh)
Prefer : I prefer apples to peaches. (lebih suka)
Realize : He didn’t realize he was in trouble. (menyadari)
Recognize : The chair recognizes Mr. Smith. (mengakui)
Remember : Do you remember me? (mengingat)
Suppose : Do you suppose I can go? (mengira)
Think : I think she is a beautiful girl. (mengira)
Understand : I can’t understand the lesson. (mengerti)
Want : I want much money. (ingin)

Emotional States
Appreciate : I appreciate your work. (menghargai)
Care : We don’t care about him. (peduli)
Dislike : I dislike the boy. (benci)
Envy : I envy you. (iri/cemburu)
Fear : Women fear mice. (takut)
Hate : Cats hate dogs. (benci)
Like : Luthfi likes pies. (suka)
Love : Hamzah Loves Sisca. (cinta)
Mind : I don’t mind. (keberatan)

Possessions
Belong : Does this pen belong to you? (dimiliki)
Have : Via has beautiful flowers. (mempunyai)
Own : Ali owns a car. (memiliki)
Possess : Do you possess a pencil? (memiliki)

Sense Perceptions
Feel : His skin feels soft. (terasa)
Hear : I can hardly hear her voice. (mendengar)
See : I see a butterfly. (melihat)
Smell : The cookies smell good. (baunya)
Taste : This food tastes good. (rasanya)

Other Existing States
Appear : She appears very angry. (tampak)
Be : I am handsome. (  --  )
Consist of : The fabric consists of Nylon and Dacron.  (terdiri dari)
Contain : The box contains money. (berisi)
Cost : That house costs too much. (harganya)
Exist : These fruits exist in this area. (ada)
Include : This price includes tax. (termasuk)
Look : You look a mess. (kelihatan)
Owe : I owe him $ 5. (berhutang)
Seem : She seems so tired. (tampak)
Weigh : Apples weigh 150 pounds. (beratnya)

Progressive-Non-Progressive Verbs Kata kerja yang bisa masuk dalam konteks Progressive (continuous) ataupun Non-Progressive (tidak bisa continuous) dengan makna yang berbeda. Kata-kata ini bisa disebut dengan Kata kerja yang berkarakter banci.

Non-Progressive (Existing States)
Appear : He appears to be sleepy. (tampaknya)
Be : I am hungry. (  --  )
Feel : The cat’s fur feels soft. (terasa)
Have : He has a car. (mempunyai)
Look : She looks cold. (terlihat)
See : I see a butterfly. (melihat)
Smell : This flower smells good. (berbau)
Taste : This food tastes good. (terasa)
Think : I think Udin is a kind man. (mengira)
Weigh : A piano weighs a lot. (beratnya)

Progressive (Activities in Progress)
Appear : The actor is appearing on the stage. ( tampil)
Be : Tom is being foolish. (  --  )
Feel : Sue is feeling the cat’s fur. (meraba)
Have : I am having trouble. (mengalami)
Look : I am looking out the window. (melihat)
See : The doctor is seeing a patient. (memeriksa)
Have : She is having a good time. (menikmati)
Smell : Don is smelling the roses. (membaui)
Taste : The Chef is tasting the sauce. (mencicipi)
Think : I am thinking about this grammar. (memikirkan)
Weigh : The grocer is weighing the bananas. (menimbang)



27/04/2012

ENTREPRENEURSHIP PERSFEKTIF MATEMATIKA

ENTREPRENEURSHIP PERSFEKTIF MATEMATIKA. Satu dekade terakhir pemerintah  baik pusat ataupun daerah menargetkan ribuan bahkan jutaan entrepreneur muda. Berbagai event dilakukan untuk menstimulus generasi muda berwiraswasta. Bahkan program CSR (Corporate Social Resposibilty) perusahaan swasta dan perusahaan BUMN mengadakannya dalam bentuk lomba atau pelatihan bertajuk 'Entrepreneur". Saya pun bertanya-tanya, Kenapa pemerintah Indonesia fokus pengembangan entrepreneurship ?. Salah satu alasan yang paling umum adalah belajar dari pengalaman negara-negara tetangga yang sukses membangun ekonomi bangsa dengan bertumpu pada semangat dan praktik kewirausahaan. Misalnya Korea, Cina dan negara-negara asia lainnya yang sukses dengan program kewirausahaan. Alassan lain adalah banyaknya pengangguran di Indonesia, yang cenderung meningkat setiap tahun.
    
Tulisan ini diinspirasi dari dua kejadian yang dialami oleh penulis, pertama ketika presentase penjurian wilayah Wirausaha Mandiri 2012. Inspirasi kedua, Ceramah Sujiwo Tejo di FedEx Bandung, dengan tema Math : Finding Harmony in Chaos. Tulisan sebelumnya tentang Entrepreurship di alamyin.com atau  EntreprenurShit di Kompasiana.

Berbagai publikasi, buku, majalah, surat kabar yang membahas tentang entrepereneurship. Kita sering kali menemui ungkapan "from zero to hero". Ungkapan yang senantiasa menyemangati, menginspirasi para pembaca, pemirsa ataupun audience agar tergerak melakukan usaha atau bergabung dengan usaha yang sedang dipresentasikan oleh trainer. Saya ingin menuangkan kekurang sepakatan saya dengan slogan tersebut. Dengan mencoba memanfaatkan basis keilmuan yang diperoleh ketika kuliah di jurusan Matematika UNM dan Ilmu Ekonomi (UNHAS) yang sedang saya geluti. 

Para trainer hendak menyemangati para audience dengan mengatakan from "zero", yang berarti tidak mempunyai apa-apa menjadi "one" (yang sukses, berhasil menggapai cita-cita). Sepintas, kata-kata tersebut dapat membius para audience, namun kalau dipikir dengan seksama penggunaannya kurang tepat. Menyatakan "kita" sebagai manusia yang akan memulai usaha dengan tanpa modal apapun merupakan kekeliruan besar, sebagaimana kelirunya filosof empirisme,  John Locke mengatakan manusia lahir seperti "kertas kosong" tidak mempunyai apa-apa, tanpa potensi dan tanpa pengetahuan dasar.

Spirit yang ingin dikembangkan oleh pemerintah ataupun pra trainer di atas adalah "spirit perubahan", "spirit inspirasi" untuk tergerak mengakumulasi keuntungan, dari tidak berpunya menjadi berlimpah (kaya raya), rangsangan lewat cerita inspirasi orang-orang sukses senantiasa kita dengar. Harta yang banyak, merek mobil mewah, rumah yang megah, teknologi canggih yang dipakai, bahkan mungkin istri yang banyak pula. :).

Spirit akumulasi menyerupai deretan bilangan Fibonacci, dimana angka selanjutnya dapat diperoleh dengan menjumlahkan angka yang sebelumnya. Namun, menurut hemat saya, Spirit entrepreneurship lebih tepat jika diandaikan dengan deretan bilangan asli (Natural). Bilangan yang dimulai dengan angka 1 menuju tak terhingga. (from one to unlimited). Walaupun banyaknya bilangan antara 0-1 adalah tak terhingga namun angka nol yang diartikan dengan tidak mempunyai modal apa-apa adalah kekeliruan para trainer entrepreneurship. Karena faktanya bahwa, semua manusia diciptakan dengan "fitrah". Fitrah tidak sama dengan 'tabula rasa' ala John Locke. Fitrah menunjukkan bahwa manusia mempunyai potensi-potensi berbuat baik, potensi mengabdi kepada yang menciptakannya. Dengan demikian ungkapan tidak mempunyai apa-apa keliru adanya.
 
Dalam ekonomi, setiap individu ataupun masyarakat bukan hanya mempunyai modal ekonomi (modal fisik), tetapi juga mempunyai modal sosial (Social Capital) dan modal manusia (Human Capital), bahkan di referensi yang lain ada banyak modal termasuk modal moral dan lain-lain. Sederhananya apapun yang dapat menghidupkan atau menggerakkan aktifitas ekonomi adalah merupakan modal. dan Modal dasar yang paling hakiki yang dimiliki oleh manusia sebagai individu adalah "Fitrah".

Alangkah indahnya, jika inspirasi dan semangat entrepreneurship dibangun dari fondasi "fitrah", di mulai dari fondasi yang 1 menuju yang tak terhingga (unlimited). Ungkapan ini menyiratkan bahwa tujuan berwirausaha bukan hanya 'akumulasi modal fisik' ala bilangan fibonacci tetapi diarahkan pada yang yang 'tak terhingga nilainya'. Dengan kata lain, bukan sekedar mengakumulasi uang/ keuntungan dan memperkaya diri sendiri, tetapi didistribusikan untuk kegiatan-kegiatan sosial, berbagi kebahagiaan, berbagi kesejahteraan dengan yang lain. Dari sini akan lahir sociopreneur yang mengedepankan prinsip-prinsip kebersamaan dan persamaan.

Hal yang sama, yang diharapkan oleh Sujiwo Tejo, yang juga pernah mengenyam pelajaran Matematika di ITB, mengemukakan bahwa, Dalam matematika, kita lebih banyak membahas tentang persamaan daripada pertidaksamaan, kalau pun membahas pertidaksamaan, hal itu hanya untuk mempertegas persamaan. Dengan prinsip ini maka, entrepreneur yang mengedapnkan prinsip-prinsip persamaan, prinsip One to Unlimited, insyaallah akan membuat dunia lebih indah, dunia usaha lebih bersahabat, lebih ramah dan elegan. Sehingga Error Entrepreneur seperti bencana Lapindo, Freeport, Blok Cepu dan lain-lain tidak terjadi lagi. Spirit yang sama juga sebaiknya di internalisasi oleh pemerintah, sehingga bukan sekedar memperbanyak entrepreneur yang error.

26/04/2012

NOTHING IMPOSSIBLE DAN MONYET KE-100

NOTHING IMPOSSIBLE DAN MONYET KE-100. Small Is Beautiful, frase sederhana yang diungkapkan oleh ekonom Inggris E.F Shumacher. Frase tersebut berasal dari gurunya Leopold Kohr. Kata yang menginspirasi banyak orang di seantero dunia, bahkan dalam berbagai training motivasi, memulai sesuatu ataupun menyemangati teman yang punya rencana besar. Lalu, apa hubungannya kata-kata Schumacher dengan NOTHING IMPOSSIBLE dan monyet ke-100.

Cita-cita masyarakat tanpa korupsi, masyarakat tanpa kelas dan varian sosialisme lainnya sering dianggap utopis. Namun utopis bukan berarti mustahil. Mungkin, jika kita mengharapkan monyet bisa menyapu, membersihkan, memasak dan aktifitas lainnya yang menyerupai perilaku manusia. Kita barangkali menganggapnya mustahil.

Hasil penelitian berikut memberi pelajaran bahwa "NOTHING IMPOSSIBLE". Perubahan besar (kualitatif) bisa dimulai dari yang kecil (kuantitatif). Perubahan individu 1,2,3,...komunitas hingga 1 masyarakat.
  • Penelitian di Jepang selama 30 tahun tentang perilaku monyet di sejumlah pulau. Monyet-monyet diumpan dengan ubi-jalar untuk turun ke pantai agar dapat dipelajari prilakunya. 
  • Pada suatu hari tampak seekor monyet betina, yang diberi nama Imo, terlihat mencuci ubi-jalar sebelum memakannya. Ubinya menjadi lebih bersih, dan terasa asin.
  • Imo mengajarkan prilaku baru kepada ibu dan saudara-saudaranya. Kemudian,  semua monyet berubah perilakunya, mengikuti prilaku
  • Imo.“Monyet ke-100” adalah alegori untuk menjelaskan perubahan kuantitatif yang menghasilkan perubahan kualitatif. Teori Marx: perubahan kuantitatif yang terjadi secara evolusioner, setelah mencapai suatu titik tertentu (node) akan mengakibatkan perubahan kualitatif (revolusioner).   
Semoga bermanfaat.

25/04/2012

IDIOM UNTUK TES TOEFL [2]

IDIOM UNTUK TES TOEFL [2]. Postingan IDIOM Lesson 1 sebelumnya di "IDIOM THREE IN ONE [1]",  membahas tentang berbagai Idiom populer yang sering muncul dalam tes Toefl. Selamat belajar dan ingat Download Audionya, sehingga bisa belajar IDIOM THREE IN ONE (Idiom, Grammar dan Pronunciation).
 
LESSON 2
1. to dress up: to wear formal clothes, to dress very nicely
o We should definitely dress up to go to the theater.
o You don't have to dress up for Mike's party.
2. at last: finally, after a long time.
o We waited for hours and then the train arrived at last.
o Now that I am sixteen, at last I can drive my parents' car.
3. As usual: as is the general case, as is typical
o George is late for class as usual. This seems to happen every day.
o As usual, Dora received first prize in the swimming contest. It's the third consecutive year that she has won.
4. to find out: get information about, to determine (S)
This idiom is separable only when a pronoun is used, as in the second example.
o Will you please try to find out what time the airplane arrives?
o I'll call right now to find it out.
5. to look at: give one's attention to; to watch
o The teacher told us to look at the blackboard and not at our books.
o I like to walk along a country road at night and look at the stars.
6. to look for: to try to find, to search for
An adverb phrase such as all over can be put between the verb and preposition, as in the second example, however, the idiom cannot be separated by a noun or pronoun.
o He's spent over an hour looking for the pen that he lost.
o So there you are! We've looked allover for you.
7. all right: acceptable, fine; yes, okay
This idiom can also be spelled alright in informal usage.
o He said that it would be all right to wait in her office until she returned.
o Do you want me to turn off the TV? Alright, if you insist.
8. all along: all the time, from the beginning (without change)
o She knew all along that we'd never agree with his plan.
o You're smiling! Did you know all along that I'd give you a birthday present?
9. little by little: gradually, slowly (also: step by step)
o Karen's health seems to be improving little by little.
o If you study regularly each day, step by step your vocabulary will
increase.
10. to tire out: to make very weary due to difficult conditions or hard effort (also: to wear out) (S)
o The hot weather tired out the runners in the marathon.
o Does studying for final exams wear you out? It makes me feel worn out (buruk,usang)!
11. to call on: to ask for a response from; to visit (also: to drop in on)
o Jose didn't know the answer when the teacher called on him.
o Last night several friends called on us at our home.
o Shy don't we drop in on Sally a little later?
12. never mind: don't be concerned about it; ignore what was just said
o When he spilled his drink on my coat, I said, "Never mind. It needs to be cleaned anyway."
o So you weren't listening to me again. Never mind; it wasn't important.

LESSON 3
1. to pick out: to choose, to select (S)
o Ann picked out a good book to give to her brother as a graduation gift.
o Johnny, if you want me to buy you a toy, then pick one out now.
2. to take one's time: to do without rush, not to hurry
This idiom is often used in the imperative form. (See the first example)
o There's no need to hurry doing those exercises. Take your time.
o William never works rapidly. He always takes his time in every thing that he does.
3. to talk over: to discuss or consider a situation with others (S)
o We talked over Carla's plan to install an air conditioner in the room, but we couldn't reach a decision.
o Before I accepted the new job offer, I talked the matter over with my life.
4. to life down: to place oneself in a flat position, to recline
o If you are tired, why don't you lie down for an hour or so?
o The doctor says that Grace must lie down and rest for a short time every afternoon.
5. to stand up: to rise from a sitting or lying position (also: to get up)
o When the president entered the room, everyone stood up.
o Suzy, stop rolling around on the floor; get up now.
6. to sit down: to be seated (also: take a seat)
o We sat down on the park bench and watched the children play.
o There aren't any more chairs, but you can take a seat on the floor.
7. all (day, week, month, year) long: the entire day, week, month, year
o I've been working on my income tax forms all day long. I've hardly had time to eat.
o It's been raining all week long. We haven't seen the sun since last Monday.
8. by oneself: alone, without assistance
o Francis translated that French novel by himself. No one helped him.
o Paula likes to walk through the woods by herself, but her brother prefers to walk with a companion.
9. on purpose: for a reason, deliberately
This idiom is usually used when someone does something wrong or unfair.
o Do you think that she didn't come to the meeting on purpose?
o It was no accident that he broke my glasses. He did it on purpose.
10. to get along with: to associate or work well with; to succeed or manage in doing (also: to get on with)
o Terry isn't getting along with her new roommate; they argue constantly.
o How are you getting on with your students?
11. to make a difference (to): to be of importance (to), to affect
This idiom is often used with adjectives to show the degree of importance.
o It makes a big difference to me whether he likes the food I serve.
o Does it make any difference to you where we go for dinner?
o No, it doesn't make any difference.
o It makes no difference to Lisa either.
12. to take out: to remove, to extract (S); to go on a date with (S) (also to go out with)
o Student, take out your books and open them to page twelve.
o Did you take Sue out last night?
o No, she couldn't go out with me.
Note : (S) : Separable (dapat dipisahkan)
Download audio Lesson 2 "disini"
Download audio Lesson 3 "disini" 
@alamyin, keep share and have fun !